Investigating Socially Sustainable Behaviour of Local Actors in the Supply Chain of Shea Butter in Rural Borgu, Nigeria: From a Role Theory Perspective
Keywords:Shea butter industry, Rural women, Local buying agents, Supply Chains, Sustainable supply chain, Sustainable supply chain network
The Shea butter industry in Nigeria is fragmented, private-driven and less regulated. This paper explores the roles, practices, and behaviour of local supply chain stakeholders who mainly consist of rural women entrepreneurs that engage in Shea nut picking and Shea butter processing. Also, the research examines the local buying agents (LBA) who serve as the middlemen between the rural women and the exporters of Shea butter. This study deploys qualitative research design, guided by the Role theory. The study reveals that the rural women and the local buying agents are the key stakeholders who participate in the agricultural supply chain. Granting the fundamental principle of the sustainable supply chain, the findings indicate that the present active engagement and practices of these local stakeholders do not align with the principles of the sustainable supply chain. The study also exposes that factors such as gender disparity, weak access to financial support, and information asymmetry are major contributors to the present roles, practices, and behaviour of the local actors. The current study, therefore, put forward several recommendations to the Nigerian Government to encourage the construction of sustainable engagement and sustainable supply chain in the rural supply chain network.
Addaquay J (2004). The Shea Butter Value Chain Refining in West Africa WATH, Technical Report No 1 USAID, Washington DC. 21-25.
Ademola, A. O., Oyesola, O. B., & Osewa, S. O. (2012). Assessment of Shea Butter Processing among Rural Dwellers in Atisbo Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 1(6), 1-8.
Adesiji, G. B., Olarewaju, K. D., Olaleye, R. S., & Komolafe, S. E. (2015). Assessment of indigenous methods of processing shea butter among women in Ilorin East local government area of Kwara state, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 60(2), 199-210.
Ampem, I., & Fadamulla, P. (2014). Benefit-cost analysis of producing Shea butter. Bachelor Thesis, University for Development Studies Ghana.
Anadu, P. A., & Green, A. A. (1990). Nigeria. Antelopes: Global Survey & Regional Action Plans, Part, 3, 83-90.
Bello-Bravo, J., Lovett, P. N., & Pittendrigh, B. R. (2015). The Evolution of Shea Butter's" Paradox of paradoxa" and the Potential Opportunity for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to Improve Quality, Market Access and Women's Livelihoods across Rural Africa. Sustainability, 7(5), 5752-5772.
Bengtsson, M., & Kock, S. (2015). Tension in Coopetition. Creating and Delivering Value in Marketing (pp. 38-42). Springer International Publishing.
Bergman, M. M., Leisinger, K. M., Bergman, Z., & Berger, L. (2015). An Analysis of the Conceptual Landscape of Corporate Responsibility in Academia. Business and Professional Ethics Journal.
Bootello, M. A., Hartel, R. W., Garcés, R., Martínez-Force, E., & Salas, J. J. (2012). Evaluation of high oleic-high stearic sunflower hard stearins for cocoa butter equivalent formulation. Food Chemistry, 134(3), 1409-1417.
Bup, D. N., Abi, C. F., Tenin, D., Kapseu, C., & Tchiegang, C. (2012). Optimisation of the cooking process of Shea nut kernels (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn.) using the Doehlert experimental design. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 5(1), 108-117.
Bup, D. N., Mohagir, A. M., Kapseu, C., & Mouloungui, Z. (2014). Production zones and systems, markets, benefits and constraints of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn) butter processing. OCL, 21(2), D206.
Carroll, A. B., & Buchholtz, A. K. (2015). Corporate Citizenship: Social Responsibility, Responsiveness, and Performance. Classics of Organization Theory, 439.
Carroll, A., & Buchholtz, A. (2014). Business and Society: Ethics, Sustainability, and Stakeholder Management. Cengage Learning.
Fellows, P. (2014). Insect products for high-value Western markets. Food Chain, 4(2), 119-128.
Floyd, S.W. and Lane, P.J. (2000). Strategizing throughout the organization: managing role conflict in strategic renewal. Academy of Management Review, 25, 154–177.
Garba, I. D., Sanni, S. A., & Adebayo, C. O. (2015). Analyzing the Structure and Performance of Shea Butter Market in Bosso and Borgu Local Government Areas of Niger State, Nigeria. International Journal of u-and e-Service, Science, and Technology, 8(2), 321-336.
Hatskevich, A., Jeníček, V., & Antwi Darkwah, S. (2011). Shea industry–a means of poverty reduction in Northern Ghana. Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica, 44(4), 223-228.
Hocutt, M. A., & Stone, T. H. (1998). The impact of employee empowerment on the quality of a service recovery effort. Journal of Quality Management, 3(1), 117-132.
International Chamber of Commerce (2007): ICC guidance on supply chain responsibility
Koenig, A. M., & Eagly, A. H. (2014). Evidence for the social role theory of stereotype content: Observations of groups’ roles shape stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(3), 371.
Kontagora, A. (2012). Shea sector development in Nigeria, issues, challenges and way forward (pp.1-11). Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/watradehub/kontagora-nscepa-shea-2013-wordy-draft1
Lovett, P. (2004). The shea butter value chain: Production, transformation and marketing in West Africa (Technical Report No 2), West Africa Trade Hub (WATH). USAID.
Lovett, P. N. (2010). Sourcing shea butter in 2010: a sustainability check. Global ingredients & formulations guide, 62-68.
Maranz, S., Kpikpi, W., Wiesman, Z., De Saint Sauveur, A., & Chapagain, B. (2004). Nutritional values and indigenous preferences for Shea fruits (Vitellaria paradoxa CF Gaertn. F.) in African agroforestry parklands. Economic Botany,58(4), 588-600.
Nahm, H. S. (2011). Quality characteristics of West African Shea Butter (Vitellaria paradoxa) and approaches to extend shelf-life (Doctoral dissertation, Rutgers University-Graduate School-New Brunswick).
Naughton, C. C., Lovett, P. N., & Mihelcic, J. R. (2015). Land suitability modelling of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) distribution across sub-Saharan Africa. Applied Geography, 58, 217-227.
Naughton, C. C., Lovett, P. N., & Mihelcic, J. R. (2015). Land suitability modeling of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) distribution across sub-Saharan Africa. Applied Geography, 58, 217-227.
Obibuzor, J. U., Abigor, R. D., Omoriyekemwen, V., Okogbenin, E. A., & Okunwaye, T. (2013). Effect of processing germinated Shea kernels on the quality parameters of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) butter. Journal of Cereals and, 4(2), 26-31.
Omoyibo, K. U. (2013). Leadership, Governance, and Poverty in Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(6), 29.
Onikoyi, M. P., Tijani, S. A., & Oluwasusi, J. A. (2014). Factors associated with Shea butter processing in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 2(5), 710-716.
Pouliot, M., & Elias, M. (2013). To process or not to process? Factors are enabling and constraining Shea butter production and income in Burkina Faso. Geoforum, 50, 211-220.
Shivers-Blackwell, S. L. (2004). Using role theory to examine determinants of transformational and transactional leader behavior. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 10(3), 41-50.
Sidibe, A., Vellema, S., Dembélé, F., Témé, B., Yossi, H., Traoré, M., & Kuyper, T. W. (2014). Women, Shea, and finance: how institutional practices in a Malian cooperative create development impact. International Journal of agricultural sustainability, 12(3), 263-275.
Teklehaimanot, Z. (2004). Exploiting the potential of indigenous agroforestry trees: Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa in sub-Saharan Africa. InNew Vistas in Agroforestry (pp. 207-220). Springer Netherlands.
Thompson, K. H., & Greene, R. R. (1994). Role theory and social work practice. Human Behavior Theory: A Diversity Framework, 93-114.
Turner, R. H. (2001). Role theory. In Handbook of sociological theory (pp. 233-254). Springer US.
Walter, S. (2008). Impact of certification on the sustainable use of nwfp1: lessons-learnt from three case studies. RDE-Revista de Desenvolvimento Econômico, 5(8), 1-14.
Copyright (c) 2017 Indian-Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright of all articles published in the Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) belongs to their respective authors. Site users are permitted to download and print the articles for personal use. Further reproduction and/or distribution is not permitted, except for brief excerpts or quotations intended for inclusion in some other original works. In this case, proper attribution must be made to the author/copyright holder, and the place of publication must be acknowledged. Altering, editing or otherwise modifying the content of information obtained from the Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) is a breach of copyright.
While you retain the copyright of your original material, by publishing in the Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) , you will have agreed to the following contractual terms:
- The article is the original work of the stated author(s).
- The work has not been published previously.
- If the Article contains copyright material owned by others, written permission has been obtained from the copyright owner(s) to republish such material in any print or electronic medium and that you have included appropriate acknowledgement of such rights in the Article.
- The author agrees to grant a non-exclusive license to the Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) to communicate the work to the public.
- The Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) may use the article for publicity purposes.
- The Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) may publish the article on third-party sites.
- Any subsequent publication of the article by the authors will carry the acknowledgement: First published in the Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) [http://ipjaf.omjpalpha.com]
The Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) has taken all reasonable measures to ensure that material contained in this website is the original work of the author(s). However, the Journal gives no warranty and accepts no responsibility for the accuracy or the completeness of the material; no reliance should be made by any user on the material. The user should check with the authors for confirmation.
Articles published in the Indian Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF) do not represent the views held by the editors and members of the editorial board. Authors are responsible for all aspects of their articles except the editorial screen design.