Sustaining Positive Impact of Covid-19 Movement Control Order (MCO) on Environment through New Norm - Case of Malaysia

Authors

  • Wan Norhayati Wan Ahmad Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy, Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Azharudin Ali Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy, Universiti Utara Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9972-7327

Keywords:

Covid-19, pandemic, lockdown, MCO, environment, climate change, emissions

Abstract

The Covid-19 pandemic came and brought a big wave of shock to the entire world with several millions of recorded death. Also, its effect on business, economies and human lives is devastating. Hence, many things have changed, including our daily norms. That involves daily activity, education, and economic activities. Even though this pandemic brings fears to the community, there is still a silver lining of this situation. Everywhere around the world were reported to have positive impacts on the environment due to Covid-19 and actions taken in containing it. Literature and reports show that total emissions have decreased due to less usage of fuel, electricity, travelling and the temporary closure of factories. Less air and water pollution are reported everywhere. Despite all these, it was argued that this is going to be a temporary blessing. Things will go back to square when normal activities are restored, and lockdowns are lifted. The question is, could this positive impact be sustained? What can we do to sustain or at least minimise the environmental damage in the future? This paper presents some data on how action to contain Covid-19 such as MCO and lockdown positively impact the environment worldwide especially Malaysia; as well as suggestions on how we could sustain, if not all, some part of these positive impacts through new norms.

References

Abran, S. (2020). Coronavirus: world’s response has slashed CO? emissions – here’s how to keep them down. The Conversation.

Abusafieh, S., & Razem, M. (2017). Human Behavior and Environmental Sustainability: promoting a pro-environmental behaviour by harnessing the social, psychological and physical influences of the built environment. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 23, p. 02003). EDP Sciences.

Babulal, V. (2020, April 18). New Strait Times. Retrieved at https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/04/585488/air-and-water-quality-improve-during-mco?fbclid=IwAR0UfW7f2iRDN85rqGqlln_hNEHooBV8GhSnIQYwlSHl_cQW7HSJwXYxQWM

Carrión-Flores, C. E., & Innes, R. (2010). Environmental innovation and environmental performance. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 59(1), 27-42.

Chan, B. K. (2020). [Sungai Pinang after MCO] [Photograph] The Strait Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/once-pitch-black-penang-river-now-jade-green-thanks-to-coronavirus-movement-curbs

Chan, N. W. (2012). Managing urban rivers and water quality in Malaysia for sustainable water resources. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 28(2), 343-354.

Dantas, G., Siciliano, B., França, B. B., da Silva, C. M., & Arbilla, G. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 partial lockdown on the air quality of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 729, 139085.

Fen, C. J. (2020). [Sungai Melaka during MCO] [Photograph] The Star. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2020/05/01/photographer-clears-the-air-over-sg-melaka-reports

Henriques, M. (2020). Will Covid-19 have a lasting impact on the environment. BBC News. Retrieved at https://www.joliet86.org/assets/1/6/Will_Covid19_have_a_lasting_impact_on_the_environment__-_BBC_Future.pdf

IEA (2020). Data and Statistic. Available at https://www.iea.org/data-and-statistics?country=MALAYSIA&fuel=CO2%20emissions&indicator=CO2%20emissions%20by%20sector

Katanich, D. (May 07, 2020). Euro News. Retrieved at https://www.euronews.com/living/2020/05/07/what-is-venice-s-real-ecological-profit-from-the-lockdown

Lo, T. C. (2020). [Sungai Pinang before MCO] [Photograph] The Strait Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/once-pitch-black-penang-river-now-jade-green-thanks-to-coronavirus-movement-curbs

Lokhandwala, S., & Gautam, P. (2020). Indirect impact of COVID-19 on the environment: A brief study in the Indian context. Environmental Research, 188, 109807.

Long, X., Chen, Y., Du, J., Oh, K., Han, I., & Yan, J. (2017). The effect of environmental innovation behaviour on the economic and environmental performance of 182 Chinese firms. Journal of cleaner production, 166, 1274-1282.

Low, C. L. (2019). [Sungai Melaka before MCO] [Photograph] Malaysia Kini. https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/476811

Kollmuss, A., & Agyeman, J. (2002). Mind the gap: why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behaviour? Environmental education research, 8(3), 239-260.

McGrath, M (March 19, 2020). BBC News. Coronavirus: Air pollution and CO2 fall rapidly as the virus spreads Retrieve at https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-51944780

Mei, N. S., Wai, C. W., & Ahamad, R. (2016). Environmental awareness and behaviour index for Malaysia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 222(7), 668-675.

Muhammad, S., Long, X., & Salman, M. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic and environmental pollution: A blessing in disguise? Science of The Total Environment, 138820.

Naderipour, A., Abdul-Malek, Z., Ahmad, N. A., Kamyab, H., Ashokkumar, V., Ngamcharussrivichai, C., & Chelliapan, S. (2020). Effect of COVID-19 virus on reducing GHG emission and increasing energy generated by renewable energy sources: A brief study in the Malaysian context. Environmental technology & innovation, 20, 101151.

Nadzir, M. S. M., Ooi, M. C. G., Alhasa, K. M., Bakar, M. A. A., Mohtar, A. A. A., Nor, M. F. F. M., ... & Anuar, J. (2020). The impact of movement control order (MCO) during pandemic COVID-19 on local air quality in an urban area of Klang Valley, Malaysia. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 20(6), 1237-1248.

Rehman, S. U., Kraus, S., Shah, S. A., Khanin, D., & Mahto, R. V. (2020). Analysing the relationship between green innovation and environmental performance in large manufacturing firms. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 120481.

Saadat, S., Rawtani, D., & Hussain, C. M. (2020). Environmental perspective of COVID-19. Science of The Total Environment, 138870.

Silverman, G. S., & Silverman, M. K. (2000). Perceptions of environmental problems by Malaysian Professionals. Environmental Practice, 2(4), 299-310.

Suhaimi, N. F., Jalaludin, J., & Latif, M. T. (2020). Demystifying a possible relationship between COVID-19, air quality and meteorological factors: evidence from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 20(7), 1520-1529.

Tey, J. S., Goh, K. C., Kek, S. L., & Goh, H. H. (2013). Current practice of waste management system in Malaysia: Towards sustainable waste management.

Wang, Q., & Su, M. (2020). A preliminary assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on the environment–A case study of China. Science of the Total Environment, 138915.

Zambrano-Monserrate, M. A., Ruano, M. A., & Sanchez-Alcalde, L. (2020). Indirect effects of COVID-19 on the environment. Science of The Total Environment, 138813.

Published

2020-07-01

How to Cite

Wan Ahmad, W. N., & Ali, A. (2020). Sustaining Positive Impact of Covid-19 Movement Control Order (MCO) on Environment through New Norm - Case of Malaysia. Indian-Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance, 4(3), 3-14. Retrieved from http://ipjaf.omjpalpha.com/index.php/ipjaf/article/view/107

Issue

Section

Main Section